The works highlight the universality and somewhat ridiculous nature of hope.  They stem from the idea that every war fought throughout history comes with the initial hope that when finished, it would be the war to end all wars.  Pictured in these pieces are war scenes and major political figures drawn from photographs from various periods in American history.  The images are layered in a way that imply that they are fighting with one another and that one war is a consequence of the last.  The other consistent component that continues in some of my other bodies of work are the buildings pointed at one another.  This references the idea of ‘buildings as weapons’ intended to address the profoundly contemporary status of warfare.